Hand Stitched and Hand Sewn

If there is not a standard use for these terms then there should be.  To me hand stitched means that there are no machines involved in the process, that the needles are placed and pushed through the leather by hand.  Hand sewn means an individual sat at a sewing machine to join the leather together.  There are many mass produced leather goods labeled “hand sewn” but don’t be fooled into thinking they are hand made.

Hand stitching is better than hand sewing when you want a stitch that stays locked if the thread ever breaks either through trauma or wear.  The kind of stitch I use almost all the time is called a saddle stitch.  A needle is attached to both ends of the thread and you pass the needles through the same hole, back and forth, as you move along your line of stitching.  This means the thread is under pressure in the seam, so if it breaks somewhere along the line it won’t unravel like a machine sewn seam.  

Another advantage of hand stitching is that you can use high quality threads of various sizes.  I use two kinds of thread: linnen from France (seen in the belt hanger above) and braided polyester Tiger thread.  Most of the time I prefer Tiger thread because it lays flat, it is extremely strong and durable, and it passes through the hole with little friction.  I either punch the holes for the thread with a stitching iron or mark them with a pricking iron.  The stitching iron makes the holes so that you can immediately come back through with your needles and thread. This is particularly handy when working with thin leather.  The problem with a stitching iron is that the holes might be too large and therefore unsightly.  With a pricking iron you make the holes with a special kind of awl and stitch as you go.  Both methods require a lot practice to acquire the skill to make an even and beautiful stitch.

The advantages of machine sewing are speed and you can make very small stitches with very small thread, such as you see on many shoes.  It can a take a lot of time to set up a sewing machine for a particular job.  If you are sewing a lot of the same kind and type of leather in the same pattern in a production line then a sewing machine makes the job a lot easier and faster.  If the seam is hidden then there is no point to use a saddle stitch if you don’t need the strength.

Hand stitching takes a lot of time and effort to master, but once you have the skill it is often quicker than sewing when making custom or one of a kind items.  And a machine sewn seam will never look as nice or be as strong as a hand stitched seam.   Only top of the line mass produced leather items will be hand stitched, and they will be very expensive.  Only small, independent craftspeople like myself offer hand stitched items at a price the average person can afford, at least in my experience.  

Thanks for reading.

Sample Gallery

20140824_150424
One inch wide belt, hand dyed veg tanned leather, hand stitched, reinforced with nylon webbing.
July 2014 012
Leather tote about the size of a grocery bag.
Wallets
Three bifold wallets sold to customers in NYC. All the leather is hand dyed, hand stitched, hand burnished.
IMG_0021[1]
newly tied in bag on my Lowland pipes: chrome tanned leather; I used a laminated T-welt instead of hand stitching because it provides a much more airtight seal along the seam.
key fobs
belt hanger key fobs, hand stitched.

Figuring out Word Press

Almost every time someone contacts me about leather work they ask me if I have a web site.  I am figuring it out, slowly but surely.  This will be a place to post photos and write about what is in the works, but not a place to list items for sale.  Time in the workshop is difficult to get because I work a full time job with a lot of travel away from home.  Still, I hope this blog will offer some insight into my leather work business, which will include handmade shoes in the future.

At the time of writing you can find my wallets and guitar straps at SAW (http://business.vashonchamber.com/list/member/saw-starving-artist-works-1915) on Vashon Island, where I live.  You can find my braided dog leads at PS9 Pets (http://www.ps9pets.com/new-page/) in Brooklyn, NYC.

My other interests include bagpipes.  I play Scottish Highland pipes, Scottish Lowland pipes, Scottish smallpipes and Northumbrian smallpipes.  I also play whistles and the D#C two row button accordion.  And, although I am not very accomplished at playing it, I have a uilleann pipe chanter I made on a “Pipemaking Holiday” with Ray Sloan (www.raysloan.com).  My YouTube page, where you can see and hear some piping, is here:(https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Qo1xxqSwcYECQ7Vm6CBdQ).  There are many more sound files on my Soundcloud page here: https://soundcloud.com/john-dally.  You can also look me up on Instagram under Dally Leather.

Thank you for reading this and taking a look at my fledgling blog.

Note: my personal veg tanned leather rucksack, seen above, is not nearly this RED in real life.

satchel, computer bag or sabretache

A sabretache was a flat bag that hung next to the light cavalry trooper’s sword.  It was use to carry orders across a battlefield.  Roman legionaries carried a “loculus,” a kind of cross-body haversack.  Today, we carry bags of similar design to carry computers, tablets, books, papers, phones, and any number of things.  I prefer to use hand dyed veg tanned leather, hand stitched, and solid brass hardware.